The inclusion of naive or primitive elements
was one of
the important paths along which
Post-Expressionism developed and in
many cases created a magical mood in
a painting. For German artists of the post
World War I period the art of Henri
Rousseau served as inspiration. Naive and
primitive styles were widely seen in
Weimar Germany during the 1920s, with
significant groups in Munich and Hanover.
In naive art details are often sharply
delineated throughout the painting.
Figuration may often appear to be
stylized rather than accurately rendered.
Modeling and tonality may be lacking or
absent. It should be emphasized that Magic
Realism and Naive Art are two distinct types
of art per se, but during the interwar
period there was some commonality between the two.
In 1924 Franz Roh wrote
an article about the Henri Rousseau's
painting Sleeping Gypsy. This
painting served as the frontispeice for
Roh's 1925 book on Magic Realism. Roh
actually detailed seven different currents
as being related to Magic Realism,
Naive art being one of them.